The military draft is the process of calling men between ages
18 and 26 to serve in the US Military. This process
comes into use only in war or other national emergencies. The Congress and the
President may take the decision regarding the military draft.
When the US Military require more troops than the volunteer military can supply,
the Congress can pass a military draft. The President cannot initiate a draft,
but his signature is necessary on it.
After the President and the Congress decide in favor of a military draft, a
classification program would begin. Various examinations take place on the registrants
to check their suitability for military service. They get adequate time to claim
exemptions, deferments or postponements. They need to meet the physical, mental
and administrative standards of the US Military to get into the services. Local
Boards in each community decide on exemptions and deferments for clergymen,
ministerial students and men claiming for reclassification as conscientious
The military draft has the provision of a lottery to determine
the order for calling the registered men into service. This lottery is based
on birthdays. The registrants getting low lottery numbers need to report for
a physical, mental and moral examination at a Military Entrance Processing Station.
It is to check whether they are fit to serve the US Military. After clearing
the examination, a registrant gets 10-days time to claim exemption, postponement
The Local and Appeal Boards do the processing of the registrant claims. The
registrants passing the military evaluation receive induction orders. The inductees
get 10 days to report to a local Military Entrance Processing Station for induction.
At present, Selective Service must deliver the first inductees to the US Military
within 193 days from the effective date of military draft legislation.
The Vietnam War was the last occasion when a military draft came
into force. Several changes have come into this process that time onward. These
changes have reduced the ways of deferring from the US Military service.